What Is Education Like in Ukraine?

If you’re curious about what education is like in Ukraine, you’re in luck! This blog post will give you a glimpse into the Ukrainian education system, from primary school to higher education.

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Education in Ukraine is free for all children from the age of six until they reach eighteen. After that, students may choose to continue their studies at a university or other higher education institution, although this is not required.

Education in Ukraine is divided into three stages: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary education typically lasts for four years, after which students move on to secondary education. This usually takes the form of either a five-year general secondary school or a four-year specialized secondary school. Finally, students may attend a university or other higher education institution for two to six years in order to earn a bachelor’s degree or other tertiary qualification.

The quality of education in Ukraine has generally been improving in recent years, although there are still some areas where it could be improved. For example, some schools do not have enough qualified teachers and there is sometimes a lack of resources such as textbooks and computers. However, the government is working on improving the situation and providing more support for schools and teachers.

Education System

Since Ukraine became an independent state in 1991, much has changed in the education system. Prior to 1991, education in Ukraine was based on the Soviet Union model. The Soviet system emphasized the need for everyone to receive a basic education, which resulted in a high literacy rate. However, the education system was very centralized and controlled by the government.


In Ukraine, kindergarten (nursery school) is for children aged three to seven. Most kindergartens are state-run, but there are also private and charity-run ones. The average class size is 20 students.

Kindergarten lasts for two years and includes children from age three onwards. The educational system is focused on developing basic academic skills, as well as social and emotional skills. However, the kindergarten curriculum also includes some extracurricular activities such as art, music, and sports.

In Ukraine, children typically start kindergarten at age four or five.However, some kindergartens accept children as young as three years old.

Primary School

primary school in Ukraine typically lasts for four years, from ages six to ten. At the end of fourth grade, students take an exam to determine which type of secondary school they will attend. The options are: five-year secondary schools (lyceum), which prepare students for higher education; or four-year vocational schools, which prepare students for specific careers.

Secondary School

Shkola srednykh professionalnykh uchilishch, or vocational schools, offer training in more than 200 occupations. Admission to these schools is based on entrance examinations and requires a minimum age of 15. Students who successfully complete their programs receive a diploma and are prepared to enter the workforce.

State-funded general education schools include comprehensive secondary schools (obshche-obrazovatelnyye shkoly), which provide basic education for students between the ages of 14 and 18, and academic lyceums (akademicheskiye litsyei), which offer more specialized instruction for students ages 11 to 18. Students who successfully complete either type of school receive a Certificate of Secondary Education and are eligible to apply to universities.

Higher Education

Ukraine’s higher education system is made up of both state-run and private institutions. The majority of students attend state-run universities, which are generally cheaper than private ones.

The government regulates the accreditation of all higher education institutions in Ukraine. In order to be accredited, a university must meet certain standards, including having qualified staff and adequate facilities.

There are several different types of higher education institutions in Ukraine, including universities, academies, institutes, and conservatories. Universities typically offer a wider range of programs than other types of institutions.

Admission to a higher education institution in Ukraine is typically based on an entrance exam. Students may also need to submit their secondary school transcripts and other documents as part of the application process.

Once enrolled in a program, students typically take classes for four years and must complete a final thesis or project in order to graduate.


In Ukraine, the cost of education is relatively affordable compared to other countries. For international students, the average cost of tuition is around $5,000 per year. This does not include the cost of living expenses, which would need to be covered separately.

Living Arrangements

Most students in Ukraine live in either a university dormitory or with a host family. Dormitories are usually gender-segregated and have common areas for socializing and studying, like kitchens, living rooms, and laundry facilities. Host families typically have one or two students living with them and provide meals as well as a place to sleep and study. Students usually have their own bedroom but may share a bathroom with other family members.

Student Life

In Ukraine, education is highly valued, and students are expected to work hard to achieve success. There are a number of different educational institutions to choose from, including universities, colleges, and vocational schools. Students typically begin their studies at the age of 18 and continue for four years.


So, what is education like in Ukraine? Overall, it is good. There are many universities and programs to choose from, and the quality of education is generally high. However, there are some downsides. The cost of tuition can be quite high, and the competition for jobs can be fierce. But if you are willing to put in the work, you can find a good education in Ukraine.

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